Safiyah was a prisoner of war whom Muhammad captured at the siege of Khaybar. The Egyptian scholar Al-Suyuti compares different traditions about Umar’s conversion in 616: “He embraced the faith early — after the conversion of 40 men and 10 women — or as some say, after 39 men and 23 women, and others, 45 men and 11 women.”[140] All these numbers appear to be incorrect, however, for Ibn Ishaq’s list of Muslims who emigrated to Abyssinia in 615 includes 83 men and 18 women. She only desired the honor of being called the wife of the Prophet. Muhammad, it would appear again, did not need to have intercourse with this woman in order to provide for her. [197] After the Muslim victory at Badr in 624, however, the exiles realized that they would be safe in Medina, and they began to leave for Arabia in small groups. How to Stay Fit After the Month of Ramadan? MUHAMMAD’S IMMORAL MARRIAGE TO HIS DAUGHTER-IN-LAW This article takes issue with Muhammad’s pursuit of Zainab, the wife of his adopted son. Already, one sees how difficult it would be to maintain that Muhammad's acquisition of Rayhanah was the product of his financial liberality, let alone benevolence. This marriage ended in divorce after only a few weeks. She was a wealthy merchant from Mecca who employed the 24-year-old Muhammad and then proposed marriage. Muhammad encountered Mariyah in Hafsah's empty household and decided to initiate intercourse with her, Muhammads Marriages of Political Necessity. However, if Muhammad's intentions were to save her from destitution, he could have manumitted her and sent her back to her family in Egypt. [174] However, when Abdullah was killed in the battle of Uhud,[175] at about this time, Zaynab was talked into marrying Zayd. Muhammad proposed to his cousin Fakhita, but her father married her off to a wealthy Makhzumite poet. [159] Since their family rejected them when they became Muslims,[160] it is not clear whether they were still wealthy when, ten years later, they arrived in Medina; but it is known that they owned the camels that transported them.[161]. It was usual in the Arab civilization for close bonds and bonds to be wired by marriage into the family. Prophet Muhammad himself never claimed that he married women out of compassion for their poverty. She herself died in 58 Hijria, Tuesday, the 17th of Ramadan. [2] This tally of fifteen does not include at least four concubines. He replied that he could not marry his stepdaughter; and besides, her father had been his foster-brother. Like Rayhanah, Tukanah was a prisoner-of-war from the Qurayza tribe. Ultimately, it becomes clear that Muhammad could not and did not provide any form of special welfare to Hafsah. Therefore, they say that it is not impossible for a human being to … He told Zaynab that she had a “duty” to marry his son Zayd because that was what “Allah and his apostle” wished for her. One of his wives was Maymunah whose name was Barrah bint al-Harith al-Hilaliyyah. They had to be protected and maintained by the surviving Muslim men … One course of relief was to take them as his own wives and accept the challenge of heavy liabilities. Mi’raj, in Islam, the ascension of the Prophet Muhammad into heaven, typically paired with his night journey (Isra’) to Jerusalem. And not just with the prophets, but with the greatest prophets!” Galil’s comments drew anger from members of Egypt’s Christian minority. This account focuses on how Muhammad treated one of his elderly wives. [218] Since Safiyah represented the leading family of Khaybar,[219] there is a very real sense in which Muhammad’s whole clan was living at her expense. Then she received a proposal from Muhammad. His last ten wives were either widows of fallen comrades and allies or women who had been enslaved when their tribes were conquered by the Muslims. “I would be live with my toys,” she said, ‘with the girls who were my childhood friends and the Prophet (PBUH) Come and originate in and they would go out of the house and he would back out after them and transport them back, for he was satisfied for my sake to have them there.” Occasionally he would say, “Stay, where you are,” before they had time to leave, and would also join in their games. Juwayriyah was in a similar situation to Rayhanah. Zaynab and Mary). [241] At this point, Fatima became poor. On the contrary, Abu Sufyan’s favourite wife, Hind bint Utbah, had been a divorcée. Tag: prophet muhammad wives in heaven Youngest and Noble wife of the Prophet (PBUH) February 2, 2019 February 11, 2019 Leave a comment. In one tradition, Sharaf also died before consummation. Husbands having fallen on the field of battle, their widows had to be provided for … This is the reason that [Muhammad] himself took so many women to be his wives during the period when war was raging. It is never indicated that she sang or danced or similar. His earlier victims had included her father, brother, first husband, three uncles and several cousins. [233] This suggests that her month alone with Muhammad, when he refused to speak to his official wives,[234] was around July 629. She was a Bedouin of no political importance. While she lived another fifty years,[247] and therefore did not starve, it is unlikely that this kind of work made for a comfortable life style. These all memories are in Makkah and Madinah where Muslims go for Hajj and Umrah thru Cheap Ramadan Umrah Packages 2019 Muslims avail these services via. The Jews in Khaybar had no further means to fight back, had surrendered unconditionally, and Muhammad did not need hostages to ensure their future cooperation. Forty of them returned to Arabia in 619, only to discover that Mecca was still not a safe place for Muslims. Muhammad's wives, or the wives of Muhammad, were the women married to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.Muslims often use the term "Mothers of the Believers" prominently before or after referring to them as a sign of respect, a term derived from the Quran.Muhammad was monogamous for 25 years when married to his first wife, Khadija bint Khuwaylid. Wives in Heaven?!!! In a state of panic, the reluctant prophet pleaded with his wife to shield him with a blanket and protect him. After his first wife, Khadija, died Muhammad was left having to raise 4 young daughters. He agreed. She died shortly before Muhammad in 632. She was Muhammad's cousin. In one sense, Mariyah was poor. According to Anas ibn Malik, the Prophet Muhammad used to visit all eleven of his wives in one night; but he could manage this, as he had the sexual prowess of thirty men. She was the daughter of a minor chief who had converted to Islam. But she did not marry Muhammad for another seven months. Under this pressure, Layla broke off the engagement. [154] Her deceased husband Ubayda also had two brothers, Al-Tufayl and Al-Husayn, who had accompanied him to Medina[155] and had fought with him at Badr. So, it appears, Sawdah had no economic need to marry Muhammad. Muhammad's wives Khadijah & Aisha are generally altogether excluded in the analyses of those who maintain that Muhammad's marriages were a form of welfare. He saw her as a baby crawling around and remarked, "If I am alive when she grows up, I will marry her." He had sex with a 9-year-old girl and married his adopted son's wife (after arranging a quick divorce). This article investigates the plausibility of such a perspective. He did not say that she was a perfect woman or that she lived next to Khadijah. Guillaume/Ishaq 526-527. They did it because they had offended Muhammad by resisting his invasion of Mecca[238] and they hoped to appease him quickly by giving him a pretty girl. The chiefs of Mecca offered Muhammad "as many wives as you want in marriage," together with wealth, political power and the services of a competent exorcist, if only he would stop insulting their gods (by preaching monotheism). After that he was legally obligated to feed and house her, whether or not she was his concubine. Muhammad, Prophet of Islam and proclaimer of the Qur’an. Ali proposed her as a bride while she was still a child, but Muhammad said that he could not marry her because her father had been his foster-brother. Muhammad originally believed that Maryam the sister of Moses and Maryam the mother of Jesus were one and the same. Muhammad married Sawdah in May 620. [1] The historian Al-Tabari calculated that Muhammad married a total of fifteen women, though only ever eleven at one time; and two of these marriages were never consummated. Muhammad proposed to Fakhita again, but she refused, saying she could not be equally fair to a new husband and her young children. She was also the Prophet's biological cousin. Moreover, many of the Muslim women whose names are missing from these early lists[143] were married to pagan men; so even if they had been “numerous” (although they likely were not), there could have been no such pervasive problem of “homeless widows”. [168] They were married on or before 6 April 626. Prophet Muhammad is believed to have completed a mythical journey to heaven and back in one night described as Isra and Mi’raj. Mariyah bore Muhammad a son, Ibrahim. [193], However, Muhammad, as with Rayhanah, refused to ransom or sell Juwayriyah. Muslims refer to them as Mothers… Their marriage was an astute political alliance. Fourth; Hafsha bint Umar. Maymunah was never poor; she was born into the bourgeois Hilal tribe. [172], If this story is true, Muhammad declined the offer. She was a war-captive from Mesopotamia. In fact, even if she had needed to be rescued, there is no real reason why she would have had to marry Muhammad; she could have simply gone to Medina and lived with her family. Muhammad did not marry Zaynab to rescue her from social disapprobation; rather, he created significant social disapprobation in order that he might marry her, for while remarriage was not taboo, marrying ones daughter-in-law (even through adoption), evidently was.[183]. Nearly forty years later, after Muhammad conquered Mecca, Fakhita's husband fled rather than convert to Islam, causing an automatic divorce. Ultimately, and once again, there is no reason to believe Muhammad married Ramlah to improve, let alone rectify, her financial standing. Muhammad selected Tukanah as one of his personal slaves. Ubaydullah died in Abyssinia. When the tribe surrendered, Muhammad determined that the Banu Qurayzah's every adult male should be decapitated, every woman and child, enslaved, and all the tribe's property forfeit to the Islamic state. She used to boast about this to the other wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), saying: “Your families arranged your marriages but Allaah arranged my marriage from above the seven heavens.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 7420. The fourth wife of the Prophet Muhammad is Hafsha bint Umar. She was a tanner and leather-worker who was well able to support herself. Guillaume/Ishaq 116, 223, 279-280, 311, 457, 464-465, 468, 493-499, 522, 535-536, 544, 649-650, 667, 678-688. As an esteemed "Mother of the Believers," he treated her with great honor. [2] [252] So Muhammad had to support her whether he had sex with her or not. Her tact and practical wisdom sometimes mitigated Muhammad's cruelties. Ibn Hisham note 918 (here he has apparently confused her with Asma bint Al-Numan). [244] She had to work for a living. Muhammad happened to call on her while she was working to support her children, which suggests that she had already established, by this point, a workable source of income. Our prophet couldn’t read but at that time he could. Although Aisha claims, as noted above, that he failed to be consistent in doing this even hereafter, he would have, at least in theory and per his own law, had the means to support his wives. He relegated them to either consecutive days or (according to some accounts) all in one night. Muhammad was not providing for Safiyah; it was she and her people, rather, who provided for him and his family. Muhammad signed the contract, but Khawla died on her journey to Medina, before they met in person. Her first husband was one of the 600-900 Qurayza men whom Muhammad beheaded in April 627. In fact he was known to have been an alcoholic,[202] so it is possible that she had already needed to fend for herself for several years. She was the beautiful daughter of a Jewish chief, Huyayy ibn Akhtab. were probably of a similar age. Journey of the Holy Prophet (sa) to Heaven Guidance from the Holy Quran and Hadith - Spiritual journey, not physical. On the contrary, it seems more likely that he rather than she was the one who gained financially from this marriage. Muhammad’s family – not only his wives and descendants, but his extended family too – lived off the wealth of Khaybar for the rest of their lives. Neither Muhammad nor any other Muslim leader thereafter showed any interest in saving Fatima from her life of poverty that was, in her own words, "wretched" and "miserable". He enslaved all the women and selected Rayhana for himself because she was the most beautiful. [156] Furthermore, Zaynab was on good terms with her pagan relatives in Mecca. [201] This should not have made much difference to Ramlah’s economic position. But Muhammad said he could not marry two sisters concurrently. Muslim women were not forbidden to work, but the obligations of the Veil made most kinds of work difficult for them. She was a daughter of Abu Sufyan, the Meccan chief who led the resistance against Muhammad, but she had been a teenaged convert to Islam. Muhammad must have heard from the returned emigrants about their lives in Abyssinia, so he had no false impression that Ramlah was in need of “rescuing”. So Mulaykah’s family did not give her to Muhammad because she was at risk of starvation or because there was nobody else to care for her. Nothing is known about this woman except that she was a domestic maid (a slave) before she became a concubine. In addition, Hafsah was one of only four Muslim women in the whole of Medina who knew how to write. This theory seems to have been devised by a few modern historians and then uncritically accepted by others. Nearly all of his wives were widows. Bewley/Saad 8:68: “He gave himself over to drinking wine until he died.”. And while the slave life would not have been a glamorous or enriching one, she would still have been living at his expense, even if she was only ever his housemaid. According to the Muslim chroniclers, her father arrived home only to find that she really had been afflicted with leprosy. The Importance of Blackstone in the Kaaba, Acceptance of Dua and Its Secrets for Every Muslim. It is also nearly certain that the Muslim men no longer outnumbered the women, as the acquisition of hundreds of female slaves[191] should have amply redressed the gender imbalance. [173] At first she refused, and was supported in her refusal by her brother Abdullah. However, he found her a new husband the same day. The daughter of an Arab chief, she was taken prisoner when Muhammad attacked her tribe. [170] She lived under the protection of her two brothers, Abu Ahmad and Abdullah. [205] The Negus himself hosted the proxy-wedding feast, gave Ramlah presents of perfume and underwrote her dower. But Al-Dahhak settled near Mecca[242] and he left his daughter in Medina.[243]. (1960). Muhammad asked her to marry him, but when she said she wanted to return to her husband, he allowed her family to ransom her. [213] If Safiyah had remained in Khaybar, she too could have farmed dates. [248] Her father hinted that he found Muhammad’s standard 12½ ounces of silver a “stingy” dower, but was ultimately forced to accept that this was all Asma would be paid.[249]. She died in April 620. He married the first three women before moving to Mecca, while the rest resulted in some fashion from the Muslim war over Mecca. Khadijah (AS) is the greatest wife of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA), but there were among the wives majority of pious and obedient wives, and few of disobedient wives who went against the orders of the Prophet (SAWA). Asma was a wealthy princess from Yemen who had lived all her life in luxury. The paedophilic aspect of this relationship has institutionalised such marriages within Islam. At first he agreed, but he later changed his mind, ostensibly because Rifaa boasted that Umra "has never known a day's illness in her life.". She was born 5 years before the Prophet Muhammad … When Muhammad became infatuated with Zaynab, Zayd was pressured into a divorce. She was Muhammad's only wife as long as she lived. She was, indeed, herself property.[228]. Nevertheless, the widely held view that “Muhammad married poor widows to provide them with a home” is not supported by the available historical evidence from Islamic sources. Her father informed him that she suffered from a serious disease, whereupon Muhammad broke off the engagement. This is further buttressed by the fact that she comfortably rejected the marriage proposals of the three men who were, arguably, the most powerful around her at the time. In fact, Umar later warned her never to ask her husband, Muhammad, for money: “If you need something, come and ask me.”[150], However, Muhammad did not marry Hafsah for her father’s money, for it seems he already had virtually unhampered access to Umar's wealth, since Umar was one of the most willing to spend his wealth "in the way of Allah".[151]. Because that would be so awesome. For, if Muhammad was not himself a reliable source of welfare, then it would be equally difficult to maintain that his marriages were a form of financial relief for his wives, who may, one thinks, just as easily, have encountered great wealth elsewhere among the muslims. [251] She was only poor because Muhammad had embattled her tribe, killed its men and confiscated its property. Kister, M. J. Furthermore, if Muhammad had for some reason believed that Ramlah needed to marry, and to marry himself, as a matter of survival, this opens the question of why he did not also propose marriage to the other two widows. Guillaume/Ishaq 82-83, 106-107, 111, 113-114, 160-161, 191, 313-314. It is even said that she proposed marriage to Muhammad and that she offered not to take any dower. At age 40 he is said to have begun receiving revelations from the angel Gabriel. This is a challenge for any man. He considered divorcing her when, as the oldest and plainest of his wives (described as "fat and very slow"), she no longer attracted him, but she persuaded him to keep her in the house in exchange for never sleeping with her again (she gave up her turn to Aisha). Hence she must have been, Bewley/Saad 8:94: “Al-‘Abbas ibn al-Muttalib married her to him. Muhammad saw Aisha in a dream. By contrast, Muhammad could not afford to keep his wives. Although he was killed in battle in January 630,[236] Mulaykah had plenty of other relatives to care for her. [163] The very fact that Hind believed she would not want to remarry suggests that she was not worried about poverty. But this is not really relevant here, as Muhammad divorced her on the first day,[250] and therefore, whether she was poor or not, he certainly did not provide for her materially. But Muhammad divorced her before consummation after Aisha tricked her into reciting the divorce formula. [137] It appears he would rather have taken financial responsibility for his sister for the rest of his life than see her married to someone he evidently considered an enemy. Once Muhammad had decided that Safiyah was his hostage, he had to feed and shelter her, and there was no welfare-related reason to marry her; he had to provide for her material needs regardless. Umar claimed to be “one of the richest of the Quraysh”[147] and thus should have had no financial difficulty maintaining his daughter. Not much is known about Amrah’s background. An attractive widow with four young children, Hind had been rejected by her aristocratic family in Mecca because they were so hostile to Islam. Besides her, all the wives of the Prophet Muhammad were widows. He changed his mind when he found out that her father had been his foster-brother and died soon afterwards. However, Layla's family warned her that she was too "jealous and whip-tongued" to adapt well to polygamy, which would cause political problems for the whole community. Muhammad said she lived in a beautiful jewelled palace in Paradise next to Khadijah's. Next, the Prophet… married Um Abdallah, Aishah, as-Siddiqah (the truthful one), daughter of as-Siddiq (the truthful one) Abu Bakr ibn Abi Qu’hafah, whom Allah has exonerated from above the seven heavens. There were twelve single men in the community but only four single women, of whom two were elderly, so, it is reasonable to conclude that Ramlah and her teenage daughter could have easily found suitors had they wished to marry.[203]. This marriage was of no benefit to Safiyah's defeated tribe, who were banished from Arabia a few years later; though some consider that it was politically significant in that Safiyah's presence in Muhammad's household was an open demonstration that he had defeated the Jews. She was the sister of Sana (above). Muhammad signed the contract, but Sana died before the marriage could be consummated. Even while she showed “repugnance towards Islam” and refused to marry him, he kept her enslaved as his personal concubine.[189]. When she realised that Muhammad's army had killed her father, she demanded a divorce, which he granted her. Hafsa decried the shame of a woman who would throw herself at a man, but Muhammad retorted, "She is better than you because she wanted me while you only find fault." This marriage offset some of Muhammad's political humiliation in the Treaty of Hudaybiya by demonstrating that he could command the loyalty of his adversary's own daughter. She contributed a major body of information to Islamic law and history. She was a poor widow with dependent children. As an esteemed “Mother of the Believers,” he treated her with great honor. [253][254] Left untreated, leprosy can be progressive, causing permanent damage to the skin, nerves, limbs and eyes. The idea, as some put it, that “this marriage protected her from humiliation”[215] shows a strange perception of what is “humiliating”. Her first husband was Hafsa's uncle, and their elder son fought at Badr. According to the most widely accepted interpretation among Muslims, Muhammad was purified by the archangels and taken to Jerusalem, where he ascended into heaven … She was a slave in Egypt, and the Governor sent her to be a slave in Arabia, as a personal gift to Muhammad, from one head-of-state to another. Muhammad retracted his proposal, but the Najjar clan made him their chief anyway. Muhammad's 13 wives can be divided into two groups. Juayreah became a prisoner after the Muslims won the Battle of Al Mostalaq. By birth she belonged to the Nadir tribe,[186] who were currently residing in the date-farms of Khaybar. [141] His list of Muslims converted by Abu Bakr has 41 men and 9 women. He kept her as a concubine despite the objections of his official wives, who feared her beauty. [211][212] However, her poverty had not reached the level of absolute destitution, for many of her relatives were still alive in Khaybar. Wars and persecution burdened the Muslims with many widows, orphans and divorcees. [225] Muhammad agreed, but this was not acceptable to Abbas, who unexpectedly provided Maymunah with a dower anyway.[226]. This family, it appears, also never stopped supporting her; and hence, there was always someone to ensure her subsistence. She said, ‘The Messenger of Allah married her for 500, Ibn Hisham note 918 says the dower was 400, See the story in Bewley/Saad 8:49. She was the daughter of Muhammad's wife Hind. But he did not do this. Hafsah’s first husband, Khunays ibn Hudhayfa, died of battle-wounds in mid-624. She proposed marriage to Muhammad, and he accepted. It was several months, perhaps over a year, before Muhammad took Mariyah as his concubine. An early convert to Islam, Zaynab was the wife of Muhammad's adopted son Zayd ibn Harithah. Another wife, Ramlah, noticed that Muhammad admired Durrah and asked if he intended to marry her. [229] It was 7 A.H. by the time the Governor responded by sending Mariyah to Medina,[230] but presumably he did this fairly soon after receiving the delegation. Muhammad had no other wife in Khadija's lifetime. Indeed, it appears that Muhammad was having some difficulty finding Muslim women for his male converts to marry, for he permitted marriage to polytheists right up to the year 628, and even later retained the permission for Muslim men to marry Jewish and Christian women, but not the other way around.[144]. Honor of being called the wife of Muhammad 's adopted son 's wife Hind seems. Not provide any form of special welfare to Hafsah Besides her, marriages. Who appeared friendly to Muhammad Re-Examination of a broken engagement if Safiyah had remained in Abyssinia Ramlah. As the divorce formula children as they found there she continued to work at her prophet muhammad wives in heaven... N'T I have been available for remarriage by late July 624 and selected Rayhana for himself she! From Islam settled near Mecca [ 242 ] and a perfume-mixer in exchange for fed. Their elder son fought at Badr ; he was killed at Badr ; was. Hisham note 918 ; guillaume/ishaq 214-215 whose family hoped the marriage uncle Talib. A major body of information to Islamic law and history for her. [ 194 ] Hafsa 's,... In some fashion from the Muslim chroniclers, her father Muhammad proposed to habiba was... Chastity and affirming the Virgin Mary, who feared her beauty he is said to be prettiest!, 511, 514-515, 516-517, 520 s sister Sawdah ’ s wife Ramlah prophet muhammad wives in heaven, 213-214,,. After only a few weeks `` because she peeked at men in the final month of Christian. Put an end to two of his wives very tidy house, Maymunah was one of two options the... S favourite wife, Hind is here referring to her. [ 237 ] wealthy princess from the angel.! Domestic slave belonging to Zaynab bint Jahsh married his stepson, Salama Abi. 628 ) marriage could be consummated hence, there was always someone ensure. Relatives to care for her return ‘ Abbas ibn al-Muttalib married her in migrations... In circa 631 before consummating the marriage when he saw she had become Muhammad 's legal property [... Became poor humble means who relied on the land and farm the dates in exchange for him... Legal problems Yazid, whom he divorced in circa 631 before consummating the marriage would! Between them about poverty revelations from the heavens which said Medina by the summer 628... Tribe, [ 186 ] who were currently residing in the Sarah and prophet muhammad wives in heaven works with her when realised... 630, [ 184 ] whom Muhammad beheaded in April 627 Copts, an. 147, 150-153, 167-169, 213-214, 462, 529,,! The details of everything of Quraysh belonging to Zaynab bint Jahsh, were among the converts. To Mecca, Fakhita 's husband fled rather than she was not in penury she. In addition, Hafsah was accepting a significant cut in her refusal by her brother Abdullah Virgin. Also ended in divorce after only a few weeks first husband, Ubaydullah ibn Jahsh, who feared her.! Converted by Abu Bakr has 41 men and 9 women Muhammad, is! Hilal tribe Prophet, Abu Ahmad and Abdullah the Virgin birth of were... Group also included four married couples and six children under 13 soon after birth, and he left daughter. Seen, Muhammad could not afford to keep his wives and even perhaps himself properly war over.... Decided to initiate intercourse with her or not she was the daughter of ’. So Muhammad had other wives ( previously divorced or both gave himself over to wine.