Smooth sow thistle will hybridize with prickly sow thistle (S. asper) to produce S. asper x glaucescens, a plant similar to smooth sow thistle but with slightly prickly leaves. Its roots, stem, leaves, juice, latex or whole plant has also been used to treat a vast variety of conditions, ailments and diseases. Flowers are yellow in color, upto 7 mm in diameter. Lower leaves are usually about 4 to 8 inches (10–20 cm) long, with a tapered or winged base, and are deeply lobed. Sonchus asper, or Prickly Sowthistle, is a spring or summer annual herbaceous wildflower, with spiney leaves and yellow flowers and is often considered a weed because of its aggressive spread. No information exists at this time. Cut stems secrete a milky sap. Dandelion only has one flower per stalk (see photos on the dandelion page). Cancer: Sow thistle is believed to have powerful cancer-fighting activity. The leaves are hairless somewhat bluish green. There are several species of Sonchus in the British Isles, however, Sonchus oleraceus is the most common. Initially growing in a basal rosette and toothed until the flower stem appears, the leaves become less toothed the higher up the stem they are. Forage Quality. Sow thistle's flowers are very similar to dandelion flowers- made up of many tiny yellow petals, in the shape of half a pompom. It is most likely to be confused with a closely related species called prickly sow thistle (Sonchus asper), which looks very similar but has more prickly leaves than sow thistle. top. This species has the nicest tasting leaves of the genus, they usually have a mild agreeable flavour especially in the spring. top. Auricles of stem-leaves pointed. Leaves are thin and soft, measuring up to 36 cm long and 12 cm wide. The wind blows seeds everywhere. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.It is native to Europe and western Asia.. Its specific epithet oleraceus means "vegetable/herbal". However, you need to be able to identify sow thistle well before it has flowers, since by the time it does, the leaves tend to be more bitter and therefore are less versatile. ID guidance. Smooth Sow-thistle forms a basal rosette of leaves that have deep, smooth lobes. Spiny-leaved sow-thistle is native to Eurasia and introduced worldwide, including across North America. Stems are upright and leafy at the base. Edible parts of Sow Thistle: Young leaves - raw or cooked. It prefers highly disturbed areas, and is a weed of many crops. Sow thistles are an erect, herbaceous, taprooted annual that can grow to over 1m in height if the plant is damaged or cut it exudes a milky latex. Sonchus oleraceus Download Data Sheet Puha, or puwha is also known as sow thistle or milk thistle (not to be confused with St Mary’s Thistle, also called milk thistle). Prickly Sow-thistle. Dandelion leaves are only at the base. Sonchus asper, the prickly sow-thistle, rough milk thistle, spiny ... Sonchus asper is an annual or biennial herb sometimes reaching a height of 200 cm. The plant throws up a flower stalk between June and August. You can use sow thistle leaves just as you would use dandelion leaves. It is extremely rich in calcium and Vitamins A and C. In mediterranean cultures, sow … Sharon Porter November 3, 2016 at 5:43 pm. SOW-THISTLE, COMMON---Synonyms---Hare's Thistle.Hare's Lettuce. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Examine the leaves of the plant: perennial sow thistle leaves are alternate and have toothed margins, while annual sow thistle leaves fully clasp the main stem, with either rounded or flat spiny lobes. ... Basal rosette of alternate leaves. Identification difficulty. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. I only eat the young tender leaves, and they can be eaten raw with no “pokey factor.” Teasel leaves are edible when they are young and the roots can be dried and used for tea. It’s a member of the Asteraceae family […] Good luck! The lobes give the appearance of pairs of leaflets, but close inspection proves this is not the case. Sow thistles have been used as fodder, particularly for rabbits, hence the other common names of "hare thistle" or "hare lettuce".They are also edible to humans as a leaf vegetable; old leaves and stalks can be bitter but young leaves have a flavour similar to lettuce.Going by the name puha or rareke (raraki) it is frequently eaten in New Zealand as a vegetable, particularly by the native Māori. Slightly older sow thistle. The Sow Thistles have a rosette of basal leaves from which a flower stalk is sent up. It may be a sow thistle. Mature leaves. Common sowthistle (S. oleraceus) (left) and spiny sowthistle (S. asper) (right) When they emerge Leaves deeply pinnately lobed, but can be very similar to S asper. Common uses. Perennial sow-thistle is not know to be toxic. Common sow thistle seed puff. The flowers are similar in appearance and colour to Dandelions. Similar Species. Smooth and hairless on the lower part but glandular-hairy towards the top and on branches. Human Health Issues. Sow thistle has quite a succulent stem when it flowers, and the foliage oozes a milky sap when cut. Plant parts contain a milky sap. top. The terminal leaf lobes are much larger than the lateral lobes. Woolly thistle is easily identifiable with large, deeply-lobed, evenly-shaped leaves, and very large flower heads, wrapped in a 'cobweb' of cotton-like hairs. Upper leaves clasp the stem with triangular, leaves with pointed basal lobes. Common sow-thistle is native to Europe and introduced worldwide, including across North America. Perennial sow-thistle is not a known allergen. It is a perennial, growing from 1 to 3 feet high, with hollow thick, branched stems full of milky juice, and thin, oblong leaves, more or less cut into (pinnatifid) with irregular, prickly teeth on the margins. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Sow thistle usually has many flowers sprouting out on each stalk. The perennial sow-thistle is … The seeds of spiny sowthistle are broader and are less wrinkled. Species Benefits "The young leaves can be added to salads or boiled for 10-15 minutes and eaten." Sow thistle has spade-shaped leaves more than one flower on each stem while dandelion leaves are spiky and have only a single flower per stem. Flowerheads pale yellow 20 to 25 mm, borne in lax clusters. Most people consider this herb a ‘weed’, but they don’t know what a wonderful food and medicine it is! Leaves are alternate and waxy, with prickled edges and variable shape. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. The leaves of prickly sow thistle have spines on them and are best trimmed before consumption. how do you know a prickly plant is actually a thistle? On the sow thistle, leaves are seen going all the way up the stalk, as well as at the base of the plant. The floral bracts at the base of the flower head are dull green, hairless and overlap each other in a vertical series. Spiny-leaved Sow-thistle; Phonetic Spelling SON-chus AS-per Description. The leaves on this plant are “toothed” similarly to another popular wild edible plant, Dandelion (Taraxacum) – Wild Edible Plants, but the Sow Thistle has small pokey things on the outside of the leaves. The edges of the leaves are covered with very small fragile "spikes". Delicate and rather Dandelion like with a white sap when cut. (The leaf base is clasping the stem) Flower bud infested with aphids. can be distinguished by its leaves and seeds. Marsh thistle looks somewhat like spear thistle at an initial glance, but without the large spines and leaf lobes, and usually with a thin, red, leaf margin. Jean November 3, 2016 at 12:46 pm. Sow thistle flowers. Common sow thistle seed puff beginning to break apart. Achenes transversely rugose. Note also that sow thistle roots have more of a reputation for bitterness than dandelion roots. Root Type: Rhizomes that spread by extensive horizontal roots Flower Color: Composite flowers yellow to yellow-orange. Flowering generally takes place in the spring and summer. Notice leaves are amplexicaul. Leaf color varies from light to dark green. Young sow thistle plant. Sow-thistles are closely related to wild lettuce (Lactuca species), and like them, the young leaves are edible. It does not invade pastures because it is eaten by livestock. Young sow thistle flower buds. Cant wait to try this Katrina! with spiny leaves and yellow flowers resembling those of the dandelion. Sonchus asper is an annual herb considered native to Europe, Africa and Asia that has been introduced to a wide range of countries around the world, where it frequently becomes an environmental and agricultural weed. Use sow thistle to make a salad more flavorful or stir fry it to make its leaves and stems more tender. Plant is pounded and applied as a poultice to wounds and boils. Sow thistle. It looks like thistle, but is not, because its leaves are not hard at all. The upper leaves are smaller than the lower leaves, stalkless, and clasp the stems with clawlike basal lobes. Flowers The seed parachutes are breaking off. Facts. Traditional uses and benefits of Prickly sow thistle. Reaching a height of 60-150 cm. Opium addiction: Sow thistle can help with those trying to break a dependence on opium. Sow thistle is eaten throughout history. ---Parts Used---Leaves, stems, milky juice.The Sow-Thistle is a well-known weed in every field and garden. Corn Sow-thistle, Creeping Sow Thistle, Dindle, Field Milk Thistle, Field Sow Thistle, Gutweed, Milk Thistle, Sonchus uliginosus, Tree Sow-thistle. Perennial broadleaf plant. The stem of Sonchus oleraceus. 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